Melbourne is Australia’s second most populous city and the largest city of the south eastern state of Victoria. The city itself sits on the northern banks of the Yarra River and extends around the shores of Port Phillip Bay.
Established in 1835 by free settlers from Van Diemen’s Land, as a pastoral township around the estuary of the Yarra River, Melbourne was declared a city by Queen Victoria in 1847. The city became the capital of Victoria when the district was declared a separate colony from New South Wales in 1851. When gold was discovered in the district during the 1850s (which sparked the Victorian gold rush) Melbourne was transformed into a wealthy metropolis, and one of the largest and richest cities in the world, by the 1880s.
Melbourne is a centre for arts, commerce, education, industry, sports and tourism and generally considered the cultural and sporting capital of Australia. Since 2002, Melbourne has been consistently ranked in the top three 'World's Most Livable Cities' by The Economist. While cooler than other Australian capital cities, the region still possesses a moderate oceanic climate with an average yearly high of 19.2C and a average low of 10.2C.
The city is notable for its distinct blend of Victorian and contemporary architecture, expansive parks and gardens and multicultural society. It is also home to the World’s largest tram network.
Tantalus is based in trendy Fitzroy with the CBD within easy walking distance.
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